# Logical Reasoning | Types and Examples

## LOGICAL REASONING

The logical reasoning section of competitive examinations is quite significant. It offers a variety of reasoning problems designed to assess the candidate’s analytical and logical thinking abilities.

Questions about logical reasoning might be verbal or nonverbal: The concepts and issues in verbal logical reasoning questions are conveyed in words. Candidates must read and comprehend the offered text or paragraph before selecting the correct answer from the options provided. Concepts and issues are conveyed in the form of figures, pictures, or diagrams in nonverbal logical reasoning questions, and candidates must grasp them before selecting the correct answer from the options provided.

## Logical Reasoning: Verbal Reasoning

The capacity of a candidate to grasp and rationally work through concepts and issues stated in words is referred to as logical reasoning (verbal reasoning). It assesses your ability to extract and deal with the meaning, information, and consequences of the text in its whole. The logics are stated verbally, and you must comprehend them before you can answer the questions.

## Logical Reasoning: Nov-Verbal Reasoning

The capacity of a candidate to grasp and logically work through concepts and issues conveyed in the form of visuals, diagrams, and other non-verbal forms is referred to as logical reasoning (non-verbal reasoning). It assesses the ability to extract meaning, information, and consequences from given pictures or diagrams and work with them. The logics are stated non-verbally here, and you must comprehend them before you can solve them.

#### Logical Reasoning: Verbal

###### Number Series

Which number should come next in the series, 48, 24, 12, ……?

A. 8

B. 6

C. 4

D. 2

Explanation:

It is a simple division series in which each number is one-half of the previous number. We can also say that each number is divided by 2 to arrive at the next number;

On dividing 48 by 2, we get 24

On dividing 24 by 2, we get 12

So, on dividing 12 by 2, we will get 6 (option B).

###### Letter Series

RQP, ONM, _, IHG, FED, find the missing letters.

1. CDE
2. LKI
3. LKJ
4. BAC

Explanation:

The series consists of letters in reverse alphabetical order. Therefore, the missing letters are LKJ.

###### Analogies

PETAL: FLOWER

A. Pen: Paper

B. Engine: Car

C. Cat: Dog

D. Ball: Game

Explanation:

A petal is a part of the flower. In a similar way, an engine is a part of the car.

###### Cause & Effect

I. All the colleges in the city had to keep closed for three days a week.

II. Many students have left the local colleges.

A. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect

B. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect

C. Both the statements are effects of independent causes

D. Both the statements are independent causes

E. Both the statements are effects of some common cause

Explanation:

Closing the colleges for few days in a week and students leaving the colleges are independent issues which must be the effects of independent causes.

###### Verbal Classification

Which word does not belong to others?

A. Inch

B. Kilogram

C. Centimeter

D. Yard

Explanation:

A kilogram measures weight and the other units are used to measure length.

###### Blood Relations

Pointing to a photograph, a man said, “I have no brother, and that man’s father is my father’s son.” Whose photograph was it?

A. His son

B. His own

C. His father

D. His nephew

Explanation:

The narrator has no brother, so he is the only son of his father, and his father’s son is he himself. Hence, the narrator is the father of the man in the photograph, so the man in the photograph is his son.

###### Logical Sequence of Words

Arrange the following words in a meaningful sequence.

1. Infection

2. Consultation

3. Doctor

4. Treatment

5. Recovery

A. 1, 3, 4, 5, 2

B. 1, 3, 2, 4, 5

C. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

D. 2, 3, 5, 1, 4

Explanation:

Infection occurs first, then one visits a doctor, and after consultation, the doctor starts the treatment which is followed by recovery.

###### Direction Sense Test

Peter is in the East of Tom and Tom is in the North of John. Mike is in the South of John then in which direction of Peter is Mike?

A. South-East

B. South-West

C. South

D. North-East

Explanation:

###### Logical Venn Diagram

Which of the following diagrams correctly represents lions, elephants, and animals?

Explanation:

Lions and elephants have no relationship to each other, but both are animals.

###### Verification of the Truth of the Statement

An animal always has

A. Skin

B. Heart

C. Lungs

D. life

E. Ears

Explanation:

An animal will always have a life.

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